What is Acne?
Acne is a common skin disease encountered by most people worldwide. It affects an individual’s visible areas like face, back, chest and neck. It leads to inflammation and is primarily characterized by the formation of pimples, papules etc. It is more commonly seen in teenagers especially between 13 to 18 years of age as the hormonal changes are more prominent at that time, but acne can also affect adult men and women due to a number of factors. Read this article to the end as you will find out the cause, impact, type, and best acne treatment to all acne type. Having this details at your finger tips will help you have an acne free skin.
What Causes Acne?
Acne is most often caused by increased production the testosterone hormone and sebum. Oily substance secreted from the sebaceous glands present in the skin. the secretion of androgen a sex hormone, stimulate the oil glands which lead to the blockage of the pores, and there is oil build up in the gland which causes acne formation. however, other physical and genetic factors may also play a role. Stress, psychological disturbances, unethical or unhealthy lifestyle habits and even use of certain medications like steroids or the contraceptive pills, heredity, changes during pregnancy, greasy makeup can also contribute to acne formation.
Impact of AcneWhile Acne is not life-threatening; it can have harmful psychological impact on its young sufferer. at the very time of your life, when you’re extra-conscious about your looks and want to fit in, being marked out by acne can be extremely difficult to live with. Teenagers with acne are often prone to depression and often show poor self-esteem and a general lack of confidence.
Types of acne
Below are the types of acne that are most common. Acne VulgarisIt is the most common acne types and is experienced by millions of people; it is an easily treatable skin condition. There are some other forms of acne that is classified under acne vulgaris these are as explained below.
Blackheads: Blackheads are also known as comedones they appear as a result of follicles that have a wider opening. they contain sebum and dead skin cells that have reacted to cause the oxidation of melanin. It is this black substance that slowly seeps out to give a blackhead its name and appearance.
v Whiteheads: These types of acne remain under the surface of the skin. These follicles are filled with sebum and dead skin cells. however, as these follicles have tiny openings, air does not reach into them, and the subsequent oxidation does not take place. thus, the substance remains white, and can be seen beneath the surface of the skin.
v Papules: Papules may be described as small red or pink bumps on the skin. when the pore is filled with bacteria, sebum and dead skin cells, a high break may occur in the follicle wall and cause the substance to spread into the dermis. It is common for a papule to progress into a pustule. It is crucial not to squeeze a papule, as any irritation is likely to aggravate it. by themselves, they are likely to heal quickly, without any scarring. Preventive measures can be taken in the form of benzoyl peroxide.
v Pustules: pustules are red at the bottom with pus on top. they appear in different sizes and at times have a brownish comedonal cap like core over the pus head. Occasional pustules can be treated with benzoyl peroxide creams or cleansers. however, frequent or numerous pustules require a dermatologist consultation. one is strongly advised against popping them.
Acne Roseca has similar signs of skin inflammation as acne vulgarie. they have an accompanying rash on the cheeks, nose, chin, and forehead. It is also known as adult acne and is more common in women than in men. the blood vessels become visible. when untreated, it can lead to rhinophyma which is the growth of excess tissue. Visiting a dermatologist for treatment is essential for this acne type.
Acne FulminansThis acne type is not common compared to acne vulgaris. It is mostly found in men. this acne can lead to extreme scarring and painful nodule growth. As it does not respond to antibiotics. Doctors will prescribe oral steroids, but it comes with fever and joint pain.
Acne ConglobataReseach has it that this is the most dreaded form of acne it can cause severe lesions and permanent scarring. Acne conglobata mostly affects men and is characterized by interconnected lesions that may have several blackheads. It causes severe skin damage and your dermatologist will put you on isotretinoin, a drug which slows down the production of skin cells, also acts as an anti-inflammatory drug.
Pyoderma FacialeIt comes on suddenly and mostly affects women who are in the age group of 20-40. the sufferer’s skin will be infected with pustules, painful sores and nodules across the face. For acne control doctors will most likely put you on steroids and isotretinoin. Categories under pyoderma faciale are as explained below.
- Nodules: These pimples are large, painful, and solid. These inflamed lesions penetrate the skin and occur as the outcome of a deep split within the follicle wall. the infected debris from the ruptured follicle infects adjoining follicles. this severe form of acne must not be picked or squeezed, as the deep infection increases the risk of scarring.Gram-Negative FolliculitisLike most types of acne in gram negative folliculitis, you will have pustules which are red in the bottom and filled with pus. It affects both men and women. It can be a painful condition. Cysts will be formed as a result of bacterial infection and you will need to visit a doctor for treatment. Like the other severe forms of acne, this acne type is also treated with isotretinoin.
- Cysts: these are painful, deep, and pus-filled pimples, which are prone to scarring. Cysts are similar to nodules in their formation, and in this case, a membrane forms around the infection in the dermis. while the cyst travels to the surface, it damages healthy skin tissue and destroys the follicle. It is the most severe form of acne.
Best Acne Treatment
Now we have been able to pin pointed the types and causes of acne, you must have realized that preventive measures are a must to avoid the onset of different types of acne. the best acne treatment products
There are lots of acne treatment products in the market most of them promises result within two to three days. But that’s not true as it takes a couple of weeks for the effect of acne treatment to be noticed. this product ranges from over the counter products such as soaps, creams, facial cleansers to antibiotics. There are also some basic natural anti-acne products which one can find in the markets. Let’s take a look at them before considering the over the counter acne treatment products.
Some Natural Anti-Acne Products
The gel from aloe Vera plant is a highly efficient natural cure against acne. Aloe Vera gel is reach in enzyme and has soothing anti-inflammatory and anti- bacterial properties. one can drink aloe Vera gel as it helps clean up the digestive tract. this in turn, can help the skin.Tea Tree Oil
Tree tea oil is obtained from Australia. It is highly effective against acne as it contains bacteria fighting substance called Terpenes, it help to kill bacteria or weaken them enough to be destroyed by protective antibodies. they are little side effects from the use of tree tea oil.
Zinc is in the form of capsules. It helps to repair the skin and strengthen the human immune system.
Vitamin a promotes healthy skin. the tablets are also a natural and effective acne cure.
Vitamin E comes in soft gelatin capsules and contains soya oil, water and glycerin. It is a natural antioxidant and beneficial for the skin as it helps in countering acne.
The above mentioned natural products that have been used and have proved successful in acne cure, but they often contain certain chemicals for preservation purposes. As mentioned, it is best to consult your doctor before embarking on any therapy.
Best over the Counter Anti Acne ProductsFinding the best acne treatment is not as straightforward as it seems, especially when there are different acne fighting products available over the counter (in the market) it becomes extremely difficult to decide which is the best acne treatment. the two main ingredients that are a must in all acne products like lotions, creams, etc include benzoyl peroxide and salicylic acid. however, their concentrations may vary as per skin type, for which the product has been made.given below are some of the best acne treatment products with reviews that are considered to be quite effective for an acne free skin .
Zenmed is an effective acne treatment product that aids in curing as well as preventing acne breakouts within two to three weeks. It contains all natural anti-toxin ingredients which help to remove the internal toxins, external fragments, and bacteria from the pores and skin surface. hence it combats bacterial build up on the skin, which aids in acne healing and preventing as well as improves skin quality by making it more smooth and clear.Exposed
Exposed is one of the most highly recommended acne control products, which comprise both benzoyl peroxide and salicylic acid in concentrations that are mild on skin. the product eliminates the pores, aids in the acne healing process and prevents future whiteheads, blackheads and acne. It is hypo-allergic and mild enough for the sensitive skin, hence- it is considered to be the best acne treatment for sensitive skin..
Acnezine is another acne fighting product that works well for all skin types. It contains anti bacterial formula that clears the sebum and bacteria present deep within the skin pores. It is supplemented with natural ingredients like vitamin E, tea tree oil, homey and witch hazel that boost the natural immune system that helps the skin to heal itself and become acne free.
Oxycerin is an acne skin care product that contains, 5% tea tree oil which is as effective as 5% benzoyl peroxide. It even uses aloe Vera and white willow bark that reduce the acne development, re-build the skin and provide a calming effect on the skin. It is quite gentle on the skin, causes no itching, burning, stinging, etc. And works for all skin type.
Clear pores cure acne by reducing sebum production and destroying bacteria that are present in the skin pores. the product helps in removing blemishes, acne scars, whiteheads and blackheads, and preventing future acne breakouts. It promotes the skin complexion and revitalizes ones skin by giving it a soft and smooth texture. It is considered to be the best acne treatments for oily skin.
Proactiv is a complete skin care classification comprising a cleanser, toner and lotion that clear the existing acne and prevent future breakouts. It works by unblocking the pores and killing the bacteria present in the skin pores. It stops acne breakouts and enhances skin quality by making it clear and smooth.
These were some of the best acne treatment that can help you to get rid of this ugly acne and irritating acne, and even prevent them from resurfacing making you have an acne free skin.These products act as both cure and prevention. Though most of these products are safe to use and possess no harm to the skin, take caution, do consult your dermatologist before using any of these products. apart from this you can also try some home remedies for acne in order to get rid of acne naturally.
From the aforementioned causes, impact, types, and cures of acne. I hope you now have a fair idea regarding the best way to go about sorting out your acne skin problem. which are knowing the cause and then, finding the acne treatment that will suit your acne skin infection the most. follow the tips given above, and you are sure of having an acne free skin.
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